With the heat index of the past few days reaching 40 degrees Celcius and above, it would be a good time for everyone to be wary of the temperature’s adverse effects on the body. One of the most important things to look out for is suffering a heat stroke.
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According to the Department of Health, this “is the most severe form of heat illness when the body overheats and cannot cool down.” Your body will be unable to sweat off the excessive heat because of dehydration or an overly humid environment. They warn that causes include hot and humid weather, vigorous exercise, dehydration, and direct exposure to the sun. Infants, the elderly, athletes, and individuals who work outside are particularly at risk.
A heat stroke may start with the following signs of heat exhaustion: flushed skin, faintness, dizziness, weakness, headache, very high fever (40-41°C), rapid heartbeat, convulsion, and unconsciousness.
The DOH advises the following emergency measures should a heat stroke occur: “Move the person to a shady spot or indoors and have him/her lie down with legs elevated. If able to drink liquids, have him/her sip cool water in a SITTING position. Remove clothing, apply cool water to the skin, and fan the person. Apply ice packs to the armpits, wrists, ankles, and groin.” The individual should be brought to the hospital immediately after.
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Some preventive actions include limiting the amount of time you spend outdoors, wearing protective clothing like wide-brimmed hats and long-sleeved clothing, and scheduling high-effort activities at cooler times. You should always keep hydrated by drinking water and avoiding tea, coffee, soda, and alcohol.
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Remember to keep safe and be aware of what your body needs in this heat! The soaring temperatures are no joke and shouldn’t be treated lightly.
Do you have any tips for dealing with this insane heat?