The first Filipino word that was added to the English language was ‘abaca’ back in 1884. Today, the Philippines has contributed more than 200 words to the Oxford English Dictionary (OED), including Filipinized English words with descriptions fitting the way Filipinos use English words in everyday life. Here are 14 words in the dictionary that you might not know were contributed by the Philippines to the OED (as shared to us by the Embassy of the Philippines in London):
14 Words in the Oxford English Dictionary That Were Contributed by the Philippines
baby back rib (n.)
A rib of pork cut from the upper portion of the back, which is shorter than a spare rib; usually in plural, as baby back ribs (sometimes with singular agreement).
A member of the same graduation class as another; a classmate. Also in extended use. (Published in 2015)
Of a film, scene, etc.; erotic, risque. Also of an actor: appearing in such films; having a provocative image. (Published in 2018)
buzzer beater (n.)
Something done or finished at the latest possible time before a deadline or other time constraint.
To steal (a motor vehicle). (Published in 2015)
comfort room (n.)
(Originally) a room in a public building or workplace furnished with amenities such as facilities for resting, personal hygiene, and storage of personal items (now rare); (later) a public toilet (now chiefly Philippine English). (Published in 2015)
dine-in (n. and adj.)
The serving or consumption of food on the premises of the shop or restaurant in which it was bought. Of, relating to, or providing food for consumption on the premises. (Published in 2018)
go down (v.)
To alight from a vehicle; to get off a bus, train, etc. esp. at a specified stop. (Published in 2015)
high blood (adj.)
Angry, agitated. (Published in 2015)
A beauty treatment comprising both a manicure and a pedicure (Published in 2015)
A person who is a likely or confirmed candidate for president. (Published in 2015)
A roundabout or traffic circle. (Published in 2018)
Marked by slow movement of vehicles; congested.
A meat, seafood, or vegetable dish that accompanies rice in a typical Filipino meal (Published in 2018)
As Ambassador Antonio Lagdameo points out, these words prove that Filipinos do not just contribute new words to the dictionary, but also expand the meanings of existing ones. You can definitely expect the Oxford English Dictionary to welcome more Filipino words in the years to come.
What’s your favorite Filipinized word to date?